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The recarburizer is a material used to increase the carbon content. The main component is carbon. There are many materials that can be used as a recarburizer. Commonly used are coke and anthracite, calcined petroleum coke, graphitized petroleum coke, and graphite (artificial graphite). , natural graphite) and mixtures made from such materials.

1. Coke and anthracite
Coke is a type of solid fuel. It is obtained by dry distillation of coal under high temperature conditions of about 1000 °C. The main component is fixed carbon, followed by ash, and contains less volatile matter and sulfur. Silver-gray, metallic luster. Hard and porous. In addition to a large amount of coke and iron non-ferrous metal smelting (metallurgical coke), coke is also used in foundry, chemical, calcium carbide and ferroalloys, and its quality requirements are different. For example, for casting coke, it is generally required to have large particle size, low porosity, high fixed carbon and low sulfur content; coking for chemical gasification is not strict with strength, but requires good reactivity, high ash melting point, and coke requirement for calcium carbide production. Try to increase the fixed carbon content.

Anthracite is a hard, dense and high-gloss coal mine. The main applications of anthracite lump coal are chemical fertilizer (nitrogen fertilizer, synthetic ammonia), ceramics, manufacturing forging and other industries; anthracite coal is mainly used in the metallurgical industry for blast furnace injection (blast furnace coal mainly includes anthracite, lean coal, lean coal and gas coal) ).

2. Calcined petroleum coke (calcined coke or calcined coke)
Calcined petroleum coke is a widely used recarburizer, which is obtained by calcining petroleum coke. Petroleum coke is a by-product of refined crude oil. Residual oil and petroleum asphalt obtained by vacuum distillation or vacuum distillation can be used as raw materials for petroleum coke, and then coke is obtained to obtain raw petroleum coke. The annual production of American petroleum coke is about 30 million T. The raw petroleum coke has high impurity content and cannot be directly used as a recarburizer. It must be calcined first.

Raw petroleum coke has spongy, needle-like, granular and fluid states.
Sponge petroleum coke is produced by delayed coking. Because of its high sulfur and metal content, it is usually used as a fuel for calcination and as a raw material for calcined petroleum coke. The calcined plum cotton coke is mainly used in the aluminum industry and as a recarburizer.
The acicular petroleum coke is obtained by a delayed coking process using a raw material having a high content of aromatic hydrocarbons and a low impurity content. This coke has a needle-like structure that is easily broken, sometimes referred to as graphite coke, and is mainly used for the manufacture of graphite electrodes after calcination.
Granular petroleum coke is a hard granule. It is a raw material with a high content of sulfur and bitumen. It is produced by delayed coking and is mainly used as a fuel.
The fluid petroleum coke is obtained by continuous coking in a fluidized bed. It is in the form of fine particles, has no directional structure, high sulfur content and low volatile content.
The burning of petroleum coke is to remove sulfur, moisture, and volatiles. The raw petroleum coke is burned at 1200 ° C - 1350 t ° C to make it substantially pure carbon.
The largest user of smoked petroleum coke is the aluminum industry, 7 which is used to make anodes for the reduction of bauxite. The United States produces smoked petroleum coke, which accounts for about 6% of cast iron enhancers.

3. Graphitized petroleum coke
Graphitized petroleum coke refers to the high-temperature graphitization of petroleum coke. Under the high temperature of 3000 °C, the carbon molecular form in the petroleum coke is changed from an irregular arrangement to a hexagonal uniform arrangement. The agent is most easily decomposed in molten iron.

Characteristics of graphitized recarburizer
    1) The low-sulfur graphitization recarburizer has a high decomposition rate and a high absorption rate, and can reach more than 90%.
    2) High carbon, low sulfur, low nitrogen, and extremely harmful components.
    3) Adding graphite nucleus to molten steel and molten iron, more uniform and finer distribution in molten steel and molten iron, so that the performance is more excellent and stable.

4. Graphite is an allotrope of elemental carbon. Each carbon atom is connected with three other carbon atoms (multiple hexagons arranged in a honeycomb shape) to form a covalent molecule by covalent bonding. . Graphite and carbon products have excellent performance, are increasingly used, and the production capacity and benefits are growing rapidly. There are more enterprises of graphite and carbon products above the scale of China, and the concentration is low. With the rapid development of China's metallurgy, chemical, machinery, medical equipment, nuclear power, automotive, aerospace and other industries, the demand for graphite and carbon products will continue to grow in these industries, and China's graphite and carbon products industry will maintain rapid growth. . Graphite is mainly divided into natural graphite and artificial graphite.

4.1. Natural graphite
Natural graphite can be divided into two types: flake graphite and microcrystalline graphite. Microcrystalline graphite has a high ash content and is generally not used as a carbon reinforcer for cast iron. There are many varieties of flake graphite. High-carbon flake graphite needs to be extracted by chemical methods, or heated to high temperature to decompose and volatilize the oxides. This flake graphite has low yield and high price, and generally does not act as a recarburizer; low carbon scales Graphite has a high ash content and should not be used as a recarburizer; it is mainly used as a carbon reinforcer for medium carbon graphite, but it is not used in large amounts.

4.2. Artificial graphite
Among the above various recarburizing agents, the best quality is artificial graphite. The main raw material for the manufacture of artificial graphite is powdered high-quality simmered petroleum coke, in which asphalt is added as a binder, and a small amount of other auxiliary materials are added. After the various raw materials are combined, they are press-formed and then treated in a non-oxidizing atmosphere at 2500 to 3000 ° C to be graphitized. After high temperature treatment, the ash, sulfur and gas contents are greatly reduced. Due to the high price of artificial graphite products, the artificial graphite breakers commonly used in foundries are mostly cut when manufacturing graphite electrodes.
Recycled materials such as chips, used electrodes and graphite blocks to reduce production costs. In the smelting of ductile iron, in order to make the metallurgical quality of cast iron superior, the carbon-reducing agent should be the first choice of artificial graphite. For this reason, it is better to purchase scrap electrodes from nearby companies that use electric arc furnace steelmaking or electrolytic aluminum production enterprises, and crush them to the required particle size. .

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180909 This week, China's recarburizer market started to work stably and trading was good. Among them, the market price of recalcurizer (common calcined coal) is lower. The main reason is that the downstream steel mills are affected by many factors such as environmental protection and trade warfare. In general, recarburizer shipments are limited, and the company is basically stable in environmental protection. Most of the inventory, the market price will decline. The market price of calcined coke recarburizer (calcined petroleum coke) was stable overall. The company said that although the price is high, the supply and demand side is relatively balanced, and the market is stable; the graphitized rebcarburizer (graphitized petroleum coke) market is raised by individual companies, and the market is out. The goods are in good condition and the production situation of the company is relatively stable.

Calcined coal recarburizer:
This week, the mainstream price of China's general calcined coal rebcarurizer market was lowered. The production in the main producing area of ​​Ningxia is stable overall, affected by the rain, and the transportation is slightly limited. The enterprises are mostly in the process of rectification and maintenance, preparing for the acceptance at the end of September. Due to the downstream receiving, the enterprises are more or less in stock, the market In general, the overall transaction is relatively light, and the mainstream market price is down. The overall market production in North China is relatively stable, but environmental protection pressure is still not small. The overall performance of the market is generally high, mainly depending on the poor start of the downstream steel mills.

Calcined post-recarburizer:
This week, the mainstream price of the calcined coke recarburizer market remained stable and the market was stable. In the northeast and north China, the production of enterprises is stable, the price of calcined coke is rising, and the cost pressure of enterprises is increasing. However, in view of the high price in the downstream market, the price intention is weak, the production enterprises are still shipping, and the mainstream prices of the market have not yet fully fluctuated.

Graphitized petroleum coke recarburizer:
This week, the market price of China's graphitized petroleum coke recarburizer was stable, and the company's price intention was strong. The main reason was the increase in cost. The crude oil price of raw materials rose in the mainstream, and the high-end operation, individual companies raised product prices. Among them, the production of individual enterprises in Henan and Xinjiang was suspended due to environmental protection, and the operating rate fell. In addition, the graphitization enterprises of anode materials in the market will start construction in the second half of the year, and the output will be released. Graphitized rebcarurizer is highly concentrated in the Inner Mongolia region. Enterprises in Jiangsu Province have normal production, good shipments and smooth exports.

Recarburizer is mainly used in steel smelting process. Due to improper ingredients or improper loading and excessive decarburization, the carbon content in steel or iron sometimes fails to meet the expected requirements. At this time, carbon is added to steel or molten iron. The relationship between recarburizer and steel is also very close. Domestic steel prices have stabilized this week. Recently, the market turnover is weak, but the recent environmental protection inspection work in Shandong is in full swing. The inventory of various steel mills has decreased, and the market price support is strong. Steel mills have obvious willingness to price, and the market price on the weekend has also risen slightly, but the mainstream temporary stability has been comprehensively considered. It is expected that the short building materials market will be operated in a multi-country volatility with a range of 50 yuan/ton.

Forecast of the market outlook: the raw material price of raw calcined coal will rebound in September due to the limited price of environmental protection acceptance enterprises, and the price of the crude calcined recarburizer will develop in a stable-up mode. The price of the calcined recarburizer and the graphitized petroleum coke recarburizer is driven by cost, and the price is stable or slightly upward.

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At this stage, the recarburizing agent is mainly a calcined coal recarburizer (coal), a calcined coke recarburizer (petroleum coke) and a graphitized recarburizer (petroleum coke), and the mainstream is a post-calcined coke recarburizer, individual enterprises. If the quality requirements are good, the graphitized recarburizer will be chosen but the price will be high. This week, the mainstream price of China's carbon refining agent market was stable and the market was trading normally. At the same time, due to strict environmental inspections, the situation in various places is relatively severe.

Among them, the market price of general calcined coal recarburizer is stable, some manufacturers offer a small decrease, mainly due to downstream receiving; the post-calcining coke recarburizer is subject to rising price of raw petroleum coke, and the price of small enterprises is raised, but the mainstream price has not yet appeared; The market price of chemical refining agents is relatively stable. The start-up in Jiangsu has been slightly reduced, the shipments are normal, and the environmental protection pressure is very high. The orders are mainly for the old customers. The anode materials processing enterprises in Qinghai, Lanzhou, Ningxia and Inner Mongolia are more active.

Pu calcined coal recarburizer (coal quality): This week, the overall market price of China's general calcined coal recarburizer has been slightly reduced. Some regions have also increased due to supply and demand. The market is generally trading, and enterprises are mostly implementing old orders and maintaining Old customers are the mainstay. Enterprises in the main producing area of ​​Ningxia are still in the process of rectification of dust-proof equipment, waiting for acceptance.

Calcined coke recarburizer (petroleum coke): This week, the mainstream price of calcined coke recarburizer market remained stable, with individual companies offering slightly higher prices and stable market transactions. Raw materials: The price of domestic medium-high sulfur calcined coke has risen this week, with a concentration of 70-150 yuan/ton. The main reason for the increase in coke price is supply reduction and cost increase. In terms of raw materials, domestic petroleum coke prices are still rising mainly this week. The local refinery coke price has started to fall slightly on Wednesday. On the supply side, the supply of calcined coke in Shandong has decreased this week, mainly due to the impact of environmental supervision. Shandong this week The operating rate of Dongying calcined coke was significantly reduced. Most enterprises cut production by half and one was shut down. The production of calcined coke in other parts of Shandong has not been affected significantly. The fluctuations of calcined coke in Jiangsu and Hebei this week are not significant. Market outlook: It is expected that the market price of domestic medium and high sulfur calcined coke will be stabilized and stabilized next week.

Relevant industry impact: This week, the domestic steel prices went down as a whole. As the snails fell sharply, the market wait-and-see atmosphere was heavier, and the fear of high sentiment spread. In addition, the pressure on merchants at the end of the month was highlighted, and the steel price was ushered back and forth. As the environmental protection policy continues to be high-pressure, the cost end is strongly supported, and the steel mills are still willing to pay a good price. It is expected that the short-term domestic steel prices will stabilize and adjust, and the downward trend will gradually narrow. For the refining agent market, the procurement enthusiasm is relatively slow, and the mainstream transaction price of the common specifications of the calcined coke recarburizer enterprises.

Graphitized petroleum coke recarburizer (petroleum coke): This week, the price of graphitized petroleum coke recarburizer was stable, the market spot was abundant, and the shipment situation was general. Among them, the production of individual enterprises in Henan and Xinjiang was suspended due to environmental protection, and the operating rate fell. In addition, the graphitization enterprises of anode materials in the anode market will be put into production in the second half of the year. It is expected that the output will be released one after another, affecting the overall supply of graphitized recarburizer market. The concentration of negative electrode enterprises in Inner Mongolia is high, and the graphitization and recarburizer processing enterprises have also been transferred, and the market concentration has increased. The Jiangsu area is operating normally and the shipments are good. The orders are mainly for the old customers. The anode materials processing enterprises in Qinghai, Lanzhou, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia and other regions have higher activity and increased production.

The market outlook: the price of the calcined coal recarburizer is stable or slightly decreased. The calcined coke refiner has risen slightly and stabilized. It is mainly affected by the price of raw petroleum coke, and the price of graphitized recarburizer remains stable.

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Foshan Yoshida Casting Materials Co., Ltd. has long-term supply of various particle size indicators of recarburizers, calcined coke recarburizers and graphitized recarburizers. There are various indicators, and the particle size can be selected according to customer needs.

The calcined coke recarburizer is obtained by calcining petroleum coke, also called calcined coke, calcined petroleum coke. The main component is carbon. Its role is to increase carbon as its name suggests. However, the quality of different recarburizers is not the same. The higher the carbon content, the lower the basic impurities (basic impurities refer to ash, volatiles, moisture, etc.). Another one is the sulfur and nitrogen content in the composition. The role of sulfur is basically clear. The inclusion of a certain amount of sulfur in the cast iron can better improve the physical properties of the casting. In recent years, the nitrogen content has also been extensively studied. The nitrogen content is too high, nitrogen holes are generated, the nitrogen content is too low, the hardness of the castings is not high, and the ferrite is much.

The role of the calcined coke recarburizer is for casting cast iron and cast steel. Castings have a requirement for carbon, so the recarburizer is used to increase the carbon content of the molten iron. The common charge in smelting is pig iron, scrap steel, and recycled material. The carbon content of pig iron is high, but the purchase price is higher than that of scrap steel. Therefore, increasing the amount of scrap steel, adding high-quality recarburizer, reducing the amount of pig iron added, saving production costs and meeting the production needs. The recarburizer is slightly different for each batch. You have to be a specific percentage, which is not realistic. Other ingredients are ash, moisture, sulfur, phosphorus and the like.

Graphite recarburizer has high degree of graphitization, low sulfur, low nitrogen, less harmful impurities, very fast dissolution, no absorption, no residue, no floating, no residue, less added; low sulfur and low nitrogen, very graphitized High, very suitable for all (or most) use of shavings, cold-filled materials, briquettes, wire, particle steel as raw materials, smelting vermicular cast iron, ductile iron, gray cast iron. We will provide targeted recarburizers according to the characteristics of different customers' process castings, and it is not expensive to ensure that the products are easy to use!

Scope of application: It is used for carbonization of cast iron and cast iron in various electric furnaces. It is especially suitable for the ball mill cast iron industry with strict requirements on product quality and strict sulfur control. Compared with other types of recarburizers, it has an absolute price advantage. The intermediate frequency furnace of half a ton to 12 tons, the furnace temperature is controlled at about 1500 degrees. The absorption rate can reach up to 93%.

Particle size: 0-2mm, 1-2mm, 0-3mm, 1-3mm, 1-5mm...etc. (can be selected according to customer's needs)

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The high-quality recarburizer generally refers to the process of graphitization after high-temperature treatment. Under the high temperature condition of 3000 °C, the carbon molecular form changes from an irregular arrangement to a hexagonal uniform arrangement. This graphite structure is most easily decomposed in molten iron and steel.

Use
Mainly used to increase the carbon content for metallurgical steelmaking and ductile iron casting.

Characteristics
1) The low-sulfur graphitization recarburizer has a high decomposition rate and a high absorption rate, and can reach more than 90%.
2) High carbon, low sulfur, low nitrogen, and extremely harmful components.
3) Adding graphite nucleus to molten steel and molten iron, more uniform and finer distribution in molten steel and molten iron, so that the performance is more excellent and stable.

Instructions
The graphitized recarburizer is suitable for melting in an induction furnace, but it is not the same depending on the process requirements.
(1) Use low-sulfur graphitization recarburizer in medium-frequency electric furnace smelting, which can be added to the lower part of electric furnace at one time or two to three times according to the ratio or carbon equivalent requirement, and the recovery rate can reach more than 90%;
(2) If the amount of carbon is insufficient to adjust the carbon content, firstly clean the slag in the furnace, add the recarburizer, and heat the iron by electromagnetic stirring or electromagnetic stirring.
(3) Use graphitized recarburizer when tapping, put the recarburizer into the bag, or flush with the flow from the tapping trough, stir well after the molten iron, dissolve and absorb carbon as much as possible, carbon The recovery rate is around 90%.

Package instruction
Usually packing in 25kg/bag, 30Kg/bag or with jumboo bag, and also can be packaged according to customer requirements.

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